Archive | November 2014

Debian Forked, Ubuntu MATE Fabulous, and Fedora 21 RC1

nosystemdEverybody went back to work today and there is so much news I hardly know where to start. The top story tonight is bound to be the official forking of Debian. In other news, Dediomedio.com says Ubuntu 14.10 MATE is "almost fabulous" and the Free Software Foundation released their 2014 gift buying guide. Mint 17.1 is almost here and a Fedora 21 release candidate has been released. Carla Schroder has an exclusive on Linux.com about being a maker instead of a user and, finally, a bunch of too-good-to-resist tidbits.

They did it. Despite all the known challenges the "Init-Freedom lovers" who recently threatened to fork Debian did just that. Roger Leigh, a former Debian developer, posted Thursday of the official fork. He said that because the general resolution to give users a choice of init failed he and his fellow "Veteran Unix Admin collective" members feel it indicates an even deeper issue. Leigh wrote:

The problem is obviously the lack of common ground between diverging perceptions of the Debian project, its governance and its mission.

We believe this situation is also the result of a longer process leading to the take-over of Debian by the GNOME project agenda. Considering how far this has propagated today and the importance of Debian as a universal OS and base system in the distribution panorama, what is at stake is the future of GNU/Linux in a scenario of complete homogeneization and lock-in of all base distributions.

Therefore, looking at how the situation stands today: we need to fork.

The new fork, dubbed Debuan and said to be pronounced "DevOne," has a home at https://devuan.org and a wiki at http://ift.tt/1FExdDg. Besides a name and a home, they also have a plan. The site says they’ve started on the infrastructure and developmental tools and are planning the distribution itself as well. On the technical side a bit, it says:

The first package of Devuan is devuan-baseconf: a Debian installer with preseed of sysvinit-core and a couple of devuan packages containing a keyring, repository list files and pinnings. Once installed and updated this package avoids the requirement of systemd as PID 1 and adopts systemd-shim when strictly needed.

With the goal of protecting "the freedom of its community of users and developers. Its priority is to enable diversity, interoperability and backward compatibility." The new project hopes to have something by Spring 2015 so users can upgrade from Debian 7 to Devuan 1. One of their last statements says, ‘Devuan will do its best to stay minimal and abide to the UNIX philosophy of "doing one thing and doing it well."’

Andre Robatino today announced Fedora 21 Release Candidate 1 on the Fedora project Test-Announce mailing list. The release schedule hasn’t been updated in a while and doesn’t list a release candidate. Nevertheless, Fedora fans and development watchers can now download RC1 from http://ift.tt/zRcG6c. Fedora 21 is currently scheduled for release on December 9, 2014. See the full announcement for all the individual links.

Clement Lefebvre yesterday wrote that it would just be a few more days until Linux Mint 17.1. Updates have been coming periodically for Mint 17 users with a lot of KDE and base updates day before yesterday. He said, "The ISO images for the Cinnamon and MATE editions of Linux Mint 17.1 “Rebecca” just passed QA testing and were approved for a stable release. This release should go public in the coming days." Those running the RC or version 17 can just update through the Update Manager.

In other news:

* Make Your Mark on the World With Linux

* Ubuntu 14.10 MATE edition – Almost fabulous

* The 2014 Giving Guide is here!

* Issue 10 of LinuxVoice Out Now

* Hands-on with the Raspberry Pi Model B+

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Top Ten Data Center Stories

DataCenterKnowledge includes Jim Zemlin’s OpenStack Summit keynote on how open source is eating the software world. 

Read more at DataCenterKnowledge

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Inkscape: Go from Beginner to Expert for Free

In the world of open source graphics tools, GIMP gets a great deal of attention, and there are many free online resources available for it, but if you’re looking for a free drawing and illustration tool that can compete with Adobe Illustrator and is increasingly used by web designers for effects, logos and still graphics, give Inkscape a try. It runs on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux, and is well-known as a powerful and flexible drawing and vector editing application. In this post, you’ll find our newly updated collection of outstanding free resources for getting familiar with Inkscape’s capabilities, and they’ll help you get going quickly with the application.

Bethany Hiitola is the author of a popular book on Inkscape that is used by many web designers, and she has a very useful tutorial on the progam posted at the Packt site. It covers how vector graphics program works, walks through the many essential tools that Inkscape provides and more. It’s a good first start if you’re new to the program.

What can I do with Inkscape? Inkscape’s site presents many galleries and screenshots showing what kinds of tasks it is good at. Here, you’ll find examples of how it is used for web design, creating icons for applications, creating logos, adorning CD booklets, and more. The Inkscape Tutorials blog also has an outstanding collection of videos and posts illustrating what the program is capable of.

 

 

 

Getting up to speed. You can find several types of documentation for Inkscape here, including a free online book with individual chapters posted as links, here. There is also a keyboard and mouse reference here, and an Inkscape User Manual in progress here.

Seeing it in action. As is true for Photoshop and many other graphics tools, YouTube is rich with instructional videos on using Inkscape, including many videos that present the steps for executing targeted tasks. Here is one that shows how to create a slick logo, and here is a whole collection of beginner’s videos.

Our recommended guide. While the manuals referenced just above are more exhaustive, FLOSSManuals has by far the most accessible introduction to Inkscape’s main features, found here. It begins with an introduction of the application’s capabilities and moves on to individual discussions of how all the major tools in Inkscape work. You’ll find links to the discussions of the tools running down the left rail of the online guide, and there are annotated screenshots to learn from, like the one seen below. Beginners can also get a lot out of this basic tutorial.

Inkscape is very useful, good for eye-catching graphics, and a lot of fun. If you haven’t done so already, give it a try.


 

 

 

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How To Setup FTP Server On openSUSE 13.2/13.1

This tutorial will describe how to install and configure a basic simple FTP server on openSUSE 13.2/13.1 using VSFTD. vsftpd (Very Secure File Transport Protocol Daemon) is a secure, fast FTP server…

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System Program Problem Detected – How To Fix Or Remove It In Ubuntu?

if you’re an Ubuntu user, probably sometimes or often, you may get an error “System Program Problem detected”. Ubuntu has a built-in utility called Apport, which is used to notify…

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Intel Graphics Installer For Linux – Install Latest Intel Graphics And Video Drivers On Linux

Introduction Intel Graphics Installer For Linux is a free utility that can be used to install latest graphics and video drivers for Intel graphics hardware. It is developed and maintained by Intel…

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5 Distros, 11 Tools, 800 Games, and 32 Bits

ubuntuToday in Linux news, Swapnil Bhartiya features five distributions you might like. OMG!Ubuntu! found eleven utilities to beef up your Ubuntu experience and Steam now has over 800 Linux games. Larry Cafiero says he’s "a 32-bit guy in a 64-bit world" and Docker users are urged to upgrade due to new found vulnerability.

Swapnil Bhartiya says with so much choice new Linux explorers might need a bit of guidance. He says Ubuntu should be a new user’s first choice because it’s "the most user friendly." He follows that with Mint and Kubuntu. openSUSE and Arch round out his selections, but he goes through the pros and cons of each, so check that out.

Speaking of Ubuntu, OMG!Ubuntu! says these eleven utilities will "supercharge your Ubuntu experience." These include tools like Unity Tweak Tool, Caffeine, Disk Space Visualizer, and BleachBit. So don’t miss that if you run Ubuntu.

In other Linux related tidbits, Mageia folks reminded users of version 3 end of life, so upgrade that. Larry Cafiero thinks it’s a mistake for all distributions to be abandoning their 32-bit architecture support. BoingBoing featured more hacker Barbie cartoons in the Computer Barbie style. Docker urges users to upgrade to version 1.3.2 due to major vulnerability.  Dietrich Schmitz says Fedora is the safest OS in the whole wide World. And Softpedia.com is covering another milestone at Steam, they now offer over 800 Linux games.

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